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Resource typeBook Chapter
Title(s)Synchronic and Diachronic Pragmatic Variability
CreatorBarron, Anne  0000-0003-2962-7985 (Institute of English Studies (IES), Leuphana Universität Lüneburg  02w2y2t16)
AbstractPragmatic variability may be conceptualised on a vertical and horizontal axis, the former signifying diachronic pragmatic variation across time, the latter synchronic pragmatic variation at a particular point in time due to micro-social factors (e.g. social distance, social dominance, degree of imposition) and macro-social factors (e.g. region, gender, age, social class, ethnic identity). Both synchronic and diachronic variability share many theoretical concepts and methodological concerns. The present chapter sketches the concept of pragmatic variability and highlights the role played by situational context, stylistic constraints and macro-social parameters in pragmatic analyses. Following this, the research landscape on pragmatic variability is examined and research approaches to intralingual synchronic and diachronic pragmatic variation discussed, with particular reference made to variational pragmatics and historical pragmatics. The need for comparable data and the challenges this poses in pragmatic analyses, irrespective of research framework, is then taken up in the context of a case study on present day synchronic variation in offer realisations situated in variational pragmatics. There, data types and the possible applicability of the concept of the pragmatic variable for pragmatic work is discussed, as are the opportunities to be gained from combining synchronic and diachronic perspectives. The paper concludes with a critical summary identifying current trends and suggestions for future research on pragmatic variability.
KeywordsPragmatic variation; Social variables; Diachronic; Synchronic; Variational pragmatics
Year of publication in PubData2024
Publishing typeParallel publication
Publication versionPublished version
Date issued2021-04-01
Creation contextResearch
Published byMedien- und Informationszentrum, Leuphana Universität Lüneburg
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Resource typeBook
Title of the resource typeThe Cambridge Handbook of Sociopragmatics
IdentifierDOI: 10.1017/9781108954105.011
Publication year2021
Pages182 - 205
PublisherCambridge University Press
Place of publicationCambridge
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